This 4 – 5 full page (not to exceed 6 pages) Philosophical Essay you will be writing due Week 7 is designed to be a thoughtful, reflective work. The 4 – 5 full pages does not include a cover page or a resource page. It will be your premier writing assignment focused on the integration and assessment relating to the course concepts. Your paper should be written based on the outline you submitted during week 4 combined with your additional thoughts and instructor feedback. You will use at least three scholarly/reliable resources with matching in-text citations and a resource page. All essays are double spaced, 12 New Times Roman font, paper title, along with all paragraphs indented five spaces.Consider the following philosophical puzzle: “If a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one around to hear it, does it make a sound?” (1) How is this philosophical puzzle an epistemological problem? And (2) how would John Locke answer it (CO1)?Your paper will be written at a college level with an introduction, body paragraphs, a conclusion, along with in-text citations/resource page in proper formatting. Remember – any resource that is listed on the resource page must have an in-text citation in the paper to match or this is considered plagiarism.
This 4 – 5 full page (not to exceed 6 pages) Philosophical Essay you will be writing due Week 7 is designed to be a thoughtful, reflective work. The 4 – 5 full pages does not include a cover page or a
2 Your Last Name Your name Professor Name Course Date Essay Title Your essay should be double-spaced, in MLA format. For a sample paper, see Russell, page 355-359. When you include information from outside sources in your essay, make sure you have in-text documentation and a Works Cited page. See the Russell section on MLA for more on this. See below for a sample entry included in the Works Cited page and the Russell section on MLA for more detailed information on using resources. Works Cited Desai, Anita. “Scholar and Gypsy.” The Oxford Book of Travel Stories. Ed. Patricia Craig. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. 251-73. Print.
This 4 – 5 full page (not to exceed 6 pages) Philosophical Essay you will be writing due Week 7 is designed to be a thoughtful, reflective work. The 4 – 5 full pages does not include a cover page or a
Surname 1 Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Outline Thesis The phrase “If a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one around to hear it, does it make a sound?” is considered an epistemological problem since it incorporates our intense epistemology and knowledge. If a tree falls and nobody is around, it will not make a sound. Introduction This essay will analyze the phrase mentioned above to determine whether it is an epistemological problem or not as well as how John Locke would answer it. This phrase dates back to the era where renowned philosophers would attempt to answer it, for example, John Locke and George Berkeley. Upon researching and reading different opinions of several people, I support Locke’s notion that if a tree falls when nobody is around, it will not make a sound because sound waves travel by air thus moving in a pattern motion. Paragraph 1 The phrase above is an epistemological problem since it incorporates our intense epistemology and knowledge. It makes an individual question the reality of knowledge and observation by making the human brain differentiate between objective and subjective views. As Locke (41) claimed, the phrase tests the ability of an individual to make a distinction between false and real ideas. Transition sentence: However, John Locke’s arguments could help attempt to solve the puzzle. Paragraph 2 I support Locke’s perspective in analyzing this epistemological problem. As Dancy, Sosa & Steup (260) presented, Locke once responded to incredulous arguments concerning the existence of the outside world by stating that no one, in their sober state could be very cynical to the extent of being uncertain of things he can feel or see. Thus, human beings are aware of the existence of trees in a forest and the possibility of trees falling in forests. If a tree falls, whether they are there to witness or not, they are aware that they will create or produce sound waves or impact. This has been proven by science and research that when things fall whether an individual is there to perceive it or not, it will make a sound. Transition sentence: This problem could be answered by analyzing Locke’s perspective on secondary and primary characteristics. Paragraph 3 As mentioned above, sound is a secondary character that is caused by the primary characteristics of something. Once a tree falls, impact waves are developed, and they vary in terms of the bulk or size of a tree. The above characteristics are considered primary and they convey a certain motion to the brain thus producing these ideas. Based on this, we could say that impact waves created in the outside world are not similar to the sound sensations produced in our brains. These are completely two different realities. According to Locke, all the things that human beings perceive are secondary characteristics except the six primary characteristics that he listed (Locke, 59). Characteristics such as sound only exist in our minds and what exists in the outside world are things, which form sensations in the human mind. Transition sentence: These sensations are stimuli processed by the human body and brain to create ideas that we have about issues. Conclusion If a tree falls in a forest when nobody is around to listen to it, it will not make a sound. There is no hearing or sensory apparatus, which will process this impact. Sound is a stimulus, which would be created in the human mind when a tree falls. Works Cited Dancy, Jonathan, Ernest Sosa, and Matthias Steup, eds. A companion to epistemology. John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Locke, John. “An essay concerning human understanding, 1690.” (1948). Walker, William. Locke, Literary Criticism, and Philosophy. No. 22. Cambridge University Press, 1994.




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