Policy ComparisonYou will compare these two different states sex education policyIdentifying and Analyzing different policies intended to address the social problem of sex education in Washington State and Utah. Site referencesJust a FYI— Washington state has some interesting comprehensive sex ed policies up for public voting this year. Earlier this year the legislature passed a bill that required all schools to provide comprehensive sex ed. There is now on a referendum on the ballot for Nov. 3. So it might be upheld or disappear. It might be interesting to look at what happens there. Washington State could be an interesting perspective to take a look at comprehensive sex ed and its state journey to either be enacted or repealed.
Policy Comparison You will compare these two different states sex education policy Identifying and Analyzing different policies intended to address the social problem of sex education in Washington St
UTAH Utah Sexuality Education Law and Policy Utah Code mandates that the state board of educatio n establish curriculum requirements in grades eight through 12 for the prevention of communicable disea ses. This instruction must stress “the importance of abstinence from all sexual activity before marriage and fidelity after marriage as methods for prevent ing certain communicable diseases; and personal skills that enc ourage individual choice of abstinence and fidelity.” 1 Among other limitations on what can be taught, the Code states that “[a]t no time may instruction be provided, including responses to spontaneous questi ons raised by students, regarding any means or methods that facilitate or encourage the violation of any s tate or federal criminal law by a minor or adult.” 2 In Utah, consensual sexual intercourse outside of marriage i s illegal. 3 Utah Code further requires that materials used for instruction in health do not include: · the intricacies of intercourse, sexual stimulation, or erotic behavior; · the advocacy of homosexuality; · the advocacy or encouragement of the use of contrac eptive methods or devices; or · the advocacy of sexual activity outside of marriage . 4 Utah Administrative Code requires that each newly h ired or newly assigned educator who teaches or who will be teaching any part of a sexuality education class must attend a state-sponsored course offered annually that outlines the state designed curriculum and Uta h Code regarding the teaching of human sexuality. 5 The Utah Elementary Core Curriculum: Responsible Healthy Lif estyles 3–6 and Secondary Health Core Curriculum documents, suggested curriculum frameworks produced by the Utah State Office of Education, provide greater detail regarding grade level and topics to be included. The Elementary Core Curriculum states that in grades three through six, students should receive d isease prevention and HIV/AIDS education. 6 According to the Secondary Health Core Curriculum , students should receive instruction that abstinen ce is the best way to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitt ed infections beginning in grade seven. 7 Instructors are told that a “strong abstinence message has always been and will continue to be an expected element” (emphasis in original) of sexuality education. 8 Schools are not required to follow this framework. However, local school districts must establish a curriculum materials review committee. 9 This committee must make sure that all instruction al material complies with “state law and state board rules” reg arding sexuality education. 10 Curricula must be adopted after “an open and regular” school board meeting in which parents and guardians have an opportunity to testify about the curricula. 11 Parents or guardians must give written permission i n order for a student to participate in any form of sexuality education. 12 This is referred to as an “opt-in” policy. See Utah Code § 53A-13-101; Utah Administrative Cod e §§ R277-474 and R277-700; Elementary Core Curriculum: Responsible Healthy Lifestyles 3–6 ; Secondary Health Core Curriculum ; A Resource Guide for Parents and U T A H Teachers on Teaching Human Sexuality—Junior High Sc hool; and A Resource Guide for Parents and Teachers on Teachi ng Human Sexuality—High School . Recent Legislation A Bill to Mandate Sexuality Education House Bill 189, introduced in February 2009, would have mandated age-appropriate, medically accurate sexuality education in the public schools. The bil l would have required sexuality education instructi on to stress abstinence but also acknowledge the needs of sexually active students, encourage family communication regarding sexuality, provide informat ion on the health benefits and side effects of methods of contraception, and help build healthy re lationship skills. In addition, HB 189 would have lifted the ban on advocating the use of any methods of contraception. The bill was referred to the House Committee on Health and Human Services, where it died. Legislation to Amend Health Education Requirements Senate Bill 54, introduced in January 2010, would h ave amended the current restriction on advocating o r encouraging the use of contraceptives in health ins truction to ban only the distribution or demonstrat ion of contraceptives; and would have required that age -appropriate, medically accurate sexuality education instruction be a compulsory component of health edu cation. SB 54 would also have affirmed that parents should be the primary sources of informatio n regarding human sexuality. It died after being sent to the Senate Education Committee, which refus ed to consider it. Reproductive Health Education Amendments Proposed House Bill 129, introduced in February 2010, would have mandated age-appropriate, medically accurate sexuality education instruction, required the Board of Education to develop curriculum materials regarding contraceptives, and specified that classr oom discussion on contraception methods be allowed. The bill died in committee. Utah’s Youth: Statistical Information of Note 13 · In 2009, 84% of high school students in Utah report ed having been taught about AIDS/HIV in school compared to 87% of high school students nati onwide. Utah Youth Sexual Health Statistics Teen Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion · Utah’s teen pregnancy rate ranks 45 th in the U.S., with a rate of 47 pregnancies per 1,0 00 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 7 0 pregnancies per 1,000. 14 There were a total of 4,460 pregnancies among young women ages 15–19 repo rted in 2005, the most recent year for which data are available, in Utah. 15 · Utah’s teen birth rate ranked 34 th in the U.S. in 2005, with a rate of 33.4 births pe r 1,000 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 4 0.5 births per 1,000. 16 In 2005, there were a total of 3,181 live births reported to young women ages 15–19 in Utah. 17 · In 2006, the U.S. teen birth rate increased for the first time in 15 years by 3% from 40.5 to 41.9 bir ths per 1,000 young women ages 15–19, after having stea dily declined between 1991 and 2005. 18 Utah’s teen birth rate also increased between 2005 and 200 6, from 33.4 to 34 births per 1,000 young women ages 15–19. 19 U T A H · Utah’s teen abortion rate ranks 41 st in the U.S., with a rate of 7 abortions per 1,000 young women ages 15–19 compared to the national rate of 19 abortions per 1,000. In 2005, there were a total of 616 abortions reported among young women ages 15–19 in Utah. 20 HIV and AIDS · Utah ranks 37 th in cases of HIV infection diagnosed in the U.S. am ong all age groups. In 2007, there were a total of 73 new cases of HIV infection diagn osed in Utah. 21 · Utah ranks 28 th in cases of HIV/AIDS diagnosed among young people ages 13–19 out of the 34 states with confidential, name-based HIV infection reporting. In 2007, there were a total of 2 young people ages 13–19 diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in Utah. 22 · Utah ranks 41 st in number of reported AIDS cases in the U.S. among all age groups. In 2007, there were a total of 68 new AIDS cases reported in Utah. 23 · Utah ranks 35 th in number of reported AIDS cases in the U.S. among young people ages 13–19. In 2007, there was a total of 1 AIDS case reported amo ng young people ages 13–19 in Utah. 24 · Utah’s AIDS rate ranks 44 th in the U.S., with a rate of 2.6 cases per 100,000 population compared to the national rate of 12.5 cases per 100,000. 25 Sexually Transmitted Diseases · Utah ranks 49 th in reported cases of Chlamydia among young people ages 15–19 in the U.S., with an infection rate of 8.46 cases per 1,000 compared to the national rate of 19.52 cases per 1,000. In 2008, there were a total of 1,772 cases of Chlamydia repo rted among young people ages 15–19 in Utah. 26 · Utah ranks 47 th in reported cases of gonorrhea among young people ages 15–19 in the U.S., with an infection rate of 0.33 cases per 1,000 compared to the national rate of 4.52 cases per 1,000. In 2008, there were a total of 69 cases of gonorrhea reporte d among young people ages 15–19 in Utah. 27 · There are no available statewide data on the rate o f syphilis among young people. Comprehensive Approaches to Sex Education SIECUS is not aware of any examples of model progra ms, policies, or best practices being implemented in Utah public schools that provide a more comprehensive approach to sex educat ion for young people. We encourage you to submit any updated or additiona l information on comprehensive approaches to sex education being implemented in Utah public schools for inclusion in future publications of the SIECUS State Profiles. Please visit SIECUS’ “Contact Us” webpage at www.siecus.org to share information. Select “state policy” as th e subject heading. Federal Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs The Department of Health and community-based organi zations in Utah received $816,222 in federal funds for abstinence-only-until-marriage programs in Fisc al Year 2009. 28 Title V Abstinence-Only-Until Marriage Funding · Utah received $216,222 in federal Title V abstinenc e-only-until-marriage funding in Fiscal Year 2009. Due to the expiration of the grant program on June 30, 2009, three months prior to the end of the federal fiscal year, the state received three quarters of t he total funding allocated for the full fiscal year . U T A H · The Utah Department of Health distributes federal T itle V abstinence-only-until-marriage funds to six sub-grantees, including two community-based organiz ations, two local health departments, one crisis pregnancy center, and one local branch of an intern ational organization. · The Title V abstinence-only-until marriage grant re quired states to provide three state-raised dollars or the equivalent in services for every four federal dolla rs received. The state match could have been provi ded in part or in full by local groups. · In Utah, sub-grantees contributed to the match thro ugh in-kind services. Community-Based Abstinence Education (CBAE) Funding · There is one CBAE grantee in Utah, the Weber-Morgan Health Department, which received $600,000 in CBAE funding for Fiscal Year 2009. Adolescent Family Life Act (AFLA) Funding · There are no AFLA grantees in Utah. Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Curricula Used by Gr antees Some abstinence-only-until-marriage grantees in Uta h use commercially available curricula. These include, but are not limited to: · Sex Can Wait · Choosing the Best · FACTS (Family Accountability Communicating Teen Sex uality) To read reviews of abstinence-only-until-marriage c urricula commonly used by federal grantees please v isit the “Curricula and Speaker Reviews” webpage of SIECUS’ Community Actio n Kit at www.communityactionkit.org . Federal Funding for Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Programs in FY 2009 29 Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Grantee Title V CBAE (Length of Grant) AFLA (Length of Grant) Utah Department of Health www.health.utah.gov $216,222 (federal grant) Colors of Success www.colorsofsuccess.com $43,356 (sub-grant) Community–Building–Community Initiative of Midvale City www.cbc.midvalecity.info $52,350 (sub-grant) U T A H Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Grantee Title V CBAE (Length of Grant) AFLA (Length of Grant) Pregnancy Resource Center of Salt Lake www.pregnancyresource.net $45,000 (sub-grant) Tooele County Health Department www.tooelehealth.org $52,500 (sub-grant) Wasatch City–County Health Department www.wasatchcountyhd.org $13,350 (sub-grant) Weber-Morgan Health Department www1.co.weber.ut.us $600,000 (2006–2011) Worldwide Organization of Women www.wowinfo.org $7,500 (sub-grant) Adolescent Health Contact 30 Jennifer Mayfield Adolescent Health Coordinator Maternal and Infant Health Program Utah Department of Health P.O. Box 142001 Salt Lake City, UT 84114 Phone: (801) 538-9317 Utah Organizations that Support Comprehensive Sexua lity Education ACLU of Utah 355 North 300 W Salt Lake City, UT 84103 Phone: (801) 521-9862 www.acluutah.org Planned Parenthood Action Council 551 East South Temple Salt Lake City, UT 84102 Phone: (801) 328-8939 www.ppacutah.org U T A H Planned Parenthood Association of Utah 654 South 900 E Salt Lake City, UT 84102 Phone: (801) 532-1586 www.plannedparenthood.org/utah Utah National Organization for Women P.O. Box 57816 Murray, UT 84157 Phone: (801) 268-0363 www.utahnow.org Utah AIDS Foundation 1408 South 1100 E Salt Lake City, Utah 84105 Phone: (801) 487-2323 www.utahaids.org Utah Pride Center 355 North 300 West, 1st Floor Salt Lake City, UT 84103 Phone: (801) 539-8800 Utah Progressive Network P.O. Box 521391 Salt Lake City, UT 84152 Phone: (801) 466-0955 Utah Organizations that Oppose Comprehensive Sexuality Education Right to Life of Utah 2390 West 450 S, #8 Springville, UT 84663 Phone: (801) 491-9742 Sutherland Institute Crane Building 307 West 200 South, Suite 5005 Salt Lake City, UT 84101 Phone: (801) 355-1272 www.sutherlandinstitute.org Utah Eagle Forum 2486 West Winding Way South Jordan, UT 84095 Phone: (801) 254-7446 www.utaheagleforum.org Newspapers in Utah 31 Daily Herald Newsroom 1555 North Freedom Boulevard Provo, UT 84604 Phone: (801) 373-5050 www.heraldextra.com Daily Spectrum Newsroom 275 East Saint George Boulevard Saint George, UT 84770 Phone: (435) 674-6200 www.thespectrum.com Salt Lake Tribune Newsroom 90 South 400 W Salt Lake City, UT 84101 Phone: (801) 257-8742 www.sltrib.com Deseret Morning News Newsroom 30 East 100 S Salt Lake City, UT 84111 Phone: (801) 236-6000 www.deseretnews.com U T A H Standard-Examiner Newsroom 332 Standard Way Ogden, UT 84404 Phone: (801) 625-4270 www.standard.net/digital Political Blogs in Utah Blue in Red Zion www.blueinredzion.com Bob Aagard www.bobaagard.blogspot.com One Utah www.oneutah.org Utah Policy www.utahpolicy.com 1 Utah Code §§ 53A-13-101(1)(b)(i)(A) and (B). 2 Utah Code § 53A-13-101(1)(b)(ii). 3 Utah Code § 76-7-104(1). 4 Utah Code §§ 53A-13-101(1)(c)(iii)(A)(I)–(IV). . 5 Utah Admin. Code § R277-474-5(A). 6 Elementary Core Curriculum: Responsible Healthy Lif estyles 3–6 (Salt Lake City, UT: Utah State Office of Educatio n, 1997), accessed 15 April 2010, , 6. 7 Secondary Health Core Curriculum (Salt Lake City, UT: Utah State Office of Education , 1997), accessed 15 April 2010, , 11. 8 Ibid., 2. 9 Utah Admin. Code § R277-474-5(C). 10 Utah Code § 53A-13-101(1)(c)(iii)(A). 11 Utah Code § 53A-13-101(1)(c)(iii)(B). 12 Utah Admin. Code § R277-474-1(H). 13 Danice K. Eaton, et. al., “Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2009,” Surveillance Summaries, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , vol. 59, no. SS-5 (4 June 2010): 98–109, accessed 4 June 2010, . Note: Utah did not participate in the full 2009 YRB S. 14 U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births, and Abortions: Na tional and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethn icity, (Washington, DC: Guttmacher Institute, January 2010), accessed 5 March 2010, , Table 3.1. 15 Ibid., Table 3.2. 16 Joyce A. Martin, et. al, “Births: Final Data for 2006,” National Vital Statistics Reports , vol. 57, number 7 (Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 7 January 2009), ac cessed 5 March 2010, , Table B. 17 U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births, and Abortions: Na tional and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethn icity , Table 3.2. 18 Martin, et. al, “Births: Final Data for 2006,” 4. 19 Ibid., Table B. 20 U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births, and Abortions: Na tional and State Trends and Trends by Race and Ethn icity, Table 3.5. 21 “Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United Sta tes and Dependent Areas, 2007,” HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, vol. 19, (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Februar y 2009), accessed 5 March 2010, , Table 18. 22 Slide 6: “Estimated Numbers of HIV/AIDS Cases amon g Adolescents 13 to 19 Years of Age, 2007—34 States,” HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Adolescents and Young Adults (throu gh 2007), (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Pre vention, May 2009), accessed 25 March 2010, . U T A H 23 Ibid., Table 16. 24 Slide 15: “Reported AIDS Cases among Adolescents 1 3 to 19 Years of Age, 2007—United States and Depend ent Areas,” HIV/AIDS Surveillance in Adolescents and Young Adul ts (through 2007), (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Pre vention, May 2009), accessed 25 March 2010, . 25 Ibid.; “AIDS Case Rate per 100,000 Population, All Ages, 2007,” (Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Found ation),accessed 5 March 2010, . 26 “Wonder Database: Selected STDs by Age, Race/Ethni city, and Gender, 1996-2008 Results,” (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), 30 June 2009, accessed 5 M arch 2010, ; see also Table 10: “Chlamydia: Reported Cases and Rates Per 100,000 Population by Age Group and Sex: United States, 2004–2008,” Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008 , (Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Pre vention, Division of STD Prevention, November 2009) , accessed 5 March 2010, , 95. 27 Ibid; see also Table 20: “Gonorrhea—Reported Cases and Rates per 100,000 Population by Age Group and Sex: United States, 2004–2008,” Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2008 , 106. 28 This refers to the federal government’s fiscal yea r, which begins on October 1 st and ends on September 30 th. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; f or example, Fiscal Year 2009 began on October 1, 20 08 and ended on September 30, 2009. 29 Through the Fiscal Year 2010 appropriations proces s, Congress eliminated all discretionary funding for abstinence-only-until- marriage programs, including the entire CBAE progra m and the abstinence-only-until-marriage portion of AFLA. The grant years listed in the chart reflect the years for which fun ding was originally approved; however, the grants e ffectively ended in Fiscal Year 2009. 30 SIECUS has identified this person as a state-based contact for information on adolescent health and if applicable, abstinence-only- until-marriage programs. 31 This section is a list of major newspapers in your state with contact information for their newsrooms . This list is by no means exhaustive and does not contain the local level new spapers which are integral to getting your message out to your community. SIECUS strongly urges you to follow stories about t he issues that concern you on the national, state, and local level by using an internet news alert service such as Google alerts , becoming an avid reader of your local papers, and establishing relationships with reporters who cover your issues. For more informat ion on how to achieve your media goals visit the SIECUS Community Action Kit .
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