Name and define the 4 types of Informative Speech. Give 2 examples each. (8 Points)Each of the following statements is an informative speech about an object, policy, event or concept. (COPE) Correctly identify which of the four types matches each statement. (8 Points)To inform my audience how to prepare for a back packing expedition.To inform my audience about the removal of the Cherokee Indians from their native lands.To inform my audience about the major achievements of President Ronald Reagan.To inform my audience about the major principles of Keynesian economic theory.To inform my audience how to make genuine French croissants.To inform my audience of the major theories about the Bermuda Triangle.To inform my audience about the history of Halloween observance.To inform my audience about the major parts of a 35-millimeter camera.What are 3 guidelines for informative speaking? (3 Points)Each of the following are specific purpose statements for a persuasive speech on a question of fact, question of value or question of policy. Correctly identify which of these three questions match each statement. (8 Points)To persuade my audience that doctor-assisted suicide is morally accepted.To persuade my audience that they should adopt a program of regular exercise.To persuade my audience that the use of cell phones by car drivers has contributed to a growing number of automobile accidents.To persuade my audience that birds evolved from dinosaurs.To persuade my audience that preemptive strikes against terrorists is justifiable.To persuade my audience to take a class that will teach them CPR.To persuade my audience that there should be tougher enforcement laws to protect the victims of domestic violence.To persuade my audience that another major earthquake will strike Los Angeles before the year 2021.Name and explain the 3 basic issues that will confront a speaker regarding a question of policy. (6 Points)Name and explain one outline organization that could be used regarding a question of policy persuasive speech. (2 Points)
Name and define the 4 types of Informative Speech. Give 2 examples each. (8 Points) Each of the following statements is an informative speech about an object, policy, event or concept. (COPE) Correct
CHAPTER # 15 – INFORMATIVE SPEAKING Public speaking to inform occurs in a wide range of everyday situations. An informative speech is designed to convey knowledge and understanding about a topic subject. An informative speech is judged by 3 general criteria: Is the information communicated accurately? Is the information communicated clearly? Is the information meaningful and interesting to the listening audience? There are 4 types of informative speeches (COPE) Speeches about Objects – anything that’s visible, tangible and stable in form. They may include persons (past or present), places, structures or animals. Examples: Cancun, Mexico, pet poodle, tropical fish, the Grand Canyon, Chief Sitting Bull, Theodore Roosevelt, Willie Nelson, human eye, seaweed, Costa Rico, etc. Speeches about Processes Inform my audience how hurricanes develop. Inform my audience how oriental rugs are made. Inform my audience how to write an effective job resume. There are two kinds of informative speeches about processes: One kind explains a process so that a listener will better understand it (how to fill out the student section of the FAFSA application; how a tsunami forms) Second one explains a process so listeners will be able to better perform the process themselves (how to fix a small hole in the wall, how to perform CPR or the Heimlich maneuver Speeches about Events Topics could include the civil rights movement, figure skating, a job interview, General Custer’s Battle of the Little Big Horn, the Chicago Marathon, the sinking of the ocean-liner Titanic, the COVID 19 Pandemic Speeches about Concepts – a belief, theory, idea, notion, or principle To inform my audience about the major principles of film theory. To inform my audience about the basic principles of the Islamic faith. Guidelines for Informative Speaking; Don’t overestimate what the audience knows about your subject matter. Don’t assume the audience knows facts about a speech. Keep it simple. Relate the subject directly to the audience. It’s the speaker’s job to get the listeners interested in the topic. What interests you might not interest the audience. Don’t talk about a topic too technical, over our heads. Personalize your topic Remember, people are interested in people. Try to personalize your ideas in human terms. You’re a student in nursing school – demonstrate the procedure how to take a person’s blood pressure. You’re a diabetic – explain what is diabetes, its causes and symptoms, treatments and medications. Demonstrate an insulin injection.
Name and define the 4 types of Informative Speech. Give 2 examples each. (8 Points) Each of the following statements is an informative speech about an object, policy, event or concept. (COPE) Correct
Chapter #16 – PERSUASIVE SPEAKING Persuasion is the process of creating, reinforcing or changing people’s beliefs or actions. When you speak to persuade, you act as an advocate. Your job is to get listeners agree with your idea or belief. Make sure your goals are ethically sound and that you can defend them if questioned or challenged. Don’t mislead the audience with shoddy research. Learn about all sides of an issue, seek out competing views and get your facts right. Take care to present statistics, testimony and other evidence fairly and accurately. When dealing with controversial topics, you’re dealing with audience’s attitudes, values and beliefs. The speaker’s goal, realistically, is to move some of the audience to your side of thinking or at least reexamine their views. A speaker should put herself in the place of the audience and imagine how they would respond to a topic. It’s necessary to anticipate possible audience objections to your point of view and then respond to those objections. There are three major kinds of organized persuasive speeches: questions of fact, questions of value and questions of policy. A Question of Fact is a question about the truth or falsity of an assertion. Was the 1963 assasination of President John F. Kennedy a conspiracy? Did Lee Harvey Oswald act alone? Was this a government conspiracy? Investigate the 16,000 page Warren Commission and draw a conclusion from known facts, trying to convert listeners to your viewpoint. A Question of Value is a question about the worth, rightness, morality of an idea or action. Is it morally justifiable to clone human beings? Is it morally right to pursue stem cell research? Is it morally right to execute a convicted murderer? A speaker must justify their position. Whenever giving a speech about a question of value, the speaker must give thought to their own standard of value judgement. A Question of Policy is a question about whether a specific course of action should or should not be taken. Should you buy a new plasma television set or wait for a further reduction in price? Should I go on strike at work? Should I vote for a specific political candidate in the upcoming election? There are two types of speeches on questions of policy: speeches to gain passive agreement or speeches to gain immediate action. A speech to gain Passive Agreement is a persuasive speech in which the speaker’s goal is to convince the audience that a given policy is desireable without encouraging the audience to take action in support of the policy. To persuade my audience that the University of Illinois should be required to change their mascot that was demeaning to Native Americans. Native Americans deemed the buckskin clad, tomahawk wielding Chief Iliniwik offensive to their culture and petitioned congressmen, senators, school administration and the NCAA to ban the mascot. They succeeded in a long protracted battle that lasted a couple of years. A speech to gain Immediate Action – a speaker’s goal is to convince the audience to take immediate action in support of a given policy. To persuade my audience to contribute to the Hurricane Maria Relief Fund. After Hurricane Maria devastated the Island of Puerto Rico, the American Red Cross and Salvation Army implored civilians to send money and non-perishable goods to aid in the relief effort. A speaker is attempting to get the audience to pursue a definite call for action. Irregardless if your aim is to elicit passive agreement or gain immediate action, the speaker will face 3 basic issues regarding a question of policy – need, plan and practicality. Need – the first basic issue in analyzing a question of policy is there a serious problem or need that requires a change from current policy? The obligation facing a persuasive speaker is to prove that a change from current policy is necessary. Plan – the second basic issue in analyzing a question of policy: if there is problem with current policy, does the speaker have a plan to solve the problem? Practicality – will the speaker’s plan solve the problem or will it create new and more serious problems? Audience’s want assurances a speaker’s plan will work. There are two methods of outline organization regarding questions of policy. Problem/Solution Order First Main Point – demonstrate a need for a new policy. Elaborate on an existing problem. Second Main Point – explain your plan to solve the problem Problem/Cause/Solution Order First Main Point – identify and discuss an existing problem Second Main Point – analyze the causes of the problem Third Main Point – present a solution to the problem




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