Methodology: My Action Research Project (4 pages maximum)This is a brief, concise section focusing your reader on the essential elements of your AR project. Assume a more professional style and tone to answer precisely:· Research Site and Sample Population – A demographic description of a sample· Research Methods Used – Procedures Carried out· what the critical question was, why the study was conducted, needs assessment, baseline data,· where the project took place (research site: description of setting);*****Carry out this work using only the information provided in the attached documents, follow the instructions and requirements of the teacher present in the first part of the instructions.
Methodology: My Action Research Project (4 pages maximum) This is a brief, concise section focusing your reader on the essential elements of your AR project. Assume a more professional style and tone
Running head: NEEDS ASSESSMENT 0 Needs Assessment Summary The research will be focusing on increasing on-task behavior in students who have autism during the home learning school period. During the research, there will be two assessment instruments that are appropriate for use. The first one is the Functional Assessment Screening Tool (FAST). This tool is important because it allows the researcher to discover the various factors that have an impact on the specific problem behavior. The second tool that is used is Event Recording. The Event Recording Tool gives the researcher the opportunity to document all of the behaviors in real-time (Leblanc et al., 2016). The tools are important compared to the others because they complement each other when it comes to data collection. The Event Recording tool is important as it can frequently record the occurrence of a particular behavior of interest. The use of these tools will assist in identifying several vital aspects that will inform the best way to increase the on-task behaviors with autism particularly when looking at the task refusal behaviors. The two tools are also easy to understand and will require minimal training when it comes to collecting the valuable data. The assessment involves various students who are learning from home and have autism. The students are more likely to engage in off-task behaviors. The researcher seeks to alter the task refusal behaviors that have been portrayed by the students. The off-task behavior is detrimental to the learning outcomes of the students (Leblanc et al., 2016). It is important to make sure that the students are controlled so that they acquire new skills and become independent. The first tool that was used was the FAST tool to assess the participants and identify the right ones for the study. The second tool, Events Recording Tool, was used in giving insight on current learning gaps in home. The Events Recording tool was used over a period to carefully collect the data. References LeBlanc, L. A., Raetz, P. B., Sellers, T. P., & Carr, J. E. (2016). A proposed model for selecting measurement procedures for the assessment and treatment of problem behavior. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9(1), 77-83.
Methodology: My Action Research Project (4 pages maximum) This is a brief, concise section focusing your reader on the essential elements of your AR project. Assume a more professional style and tone
Part II The individuals who participated in the research were students with autism that are currently learning from home. This batch of students is often characterized by a high propensity for indulging in off-task behaviors rather than on-task activities. Thus, rather than deal with the prescribed school work, they would rather do unrelated stuff. The researcher was seeking to establish if there is a way he/she can decrease the participants’ off-task behaviors while increasing their on-task behaviors. More so, the researcher wanted to alter the participants’ task refusal behaviors. This was crucial as it would establish techniques that can be used by educators to enhance the learning behaviors of students with autism. Excessively indulging in off-task behaviors is very detrimental to learning outcomes. Additionally, it lowers the students’ ability to socialize, acquire new skills, and be independent. The assessment was proctored during the Covid-19 outbreak when children are increasingly being home-schooled. This was an opportune moment since it fitted the research’s criteria of investigating children that are learning from home. The assessment took place in the students’ homes with the consent of their parents or caregivers. The process of proctoring the assessment started with the researcher explaining to the students, their parents/caregivers, and educators about what was going to happen during the research process. Thereafter, the researcher administered the FAST tool. The results of this tool were used to assess the participants and identify the ones that would best suit the objectives of the research. Thereafter, the researcher used the Events Recording Tool. This tool was used over a period of one month to carefully collect as much data as possible. The data would, later on, be analyzed to give insight into the gaps that exist in the current learning model at homes. Thereafter, solutions would be given on how to enhance the learning experience and outcomes for the students with autism. Reference LeBlanc, L. A., Raetz, P. B., Sellers, T. P., & Carr, J. E. (2016). A proposed model for selecting measurement procedures for the assessment and treatment of problem behavior. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9(1), 77-83.
Methodology: My Action Research Project (4 pages maximum) This is a brief, concise section focusing your reader on the essential elements of your AR project. Assume a more professional style and tone
ACTION RESEARCH PLAN 5 Action Research Plan Action Research Plan Summary of findings and research questions Recommended action targeted to findings Who is responsible for the action? T=Therapist S=Student, C=Caregiver(s) Who needs to be consulted or informed? Who will monitor/collect data? Timeline Resources 1.What factors influence the students’ off-task behaviors.      T, C: Functional Assessment Screening Tool (FAST). Observation Throughout distance learning sessions  Datasheets 1.1 Increase of duration, amount, and complexity of the tasks. 1.1-1.2 Implement behavioral antecedent interventions such as noncontingent reinforcement or NCR: providing frequent breaks during academic tasks, the high probability sequence, and auditive stimulus (classical music). 1.1-1.4 T, C 1.1-1.4 C 1.1-1.4 T 1.2 A non-stimulating learning environment.   Audio 1.3 Lack of the use of reinforcers to increase on-task behaviors. 1.3-1.4 Implement behavioral consequent interventions such as Premack Principle and differential negative reinforcement of alternative behaviors (DNRA).             1.4 Parental reinforcement of their children’s escape behaviors and avoidance of academic assignments.  2.0 What is the effect of antecedent and consequent strategies on the students’ off-task behaviors? 2.1 Compare the graphed data of students’ off-task behaviors before and after the implementation of the interventions. T, C C T: Observation Throughout distance learning sessions Datasheets of frequency and graphs 3.0 What is the effect of antecedent and consequent strategies on the students’ on-task behaviors? 3.1 Compare the graphed data of students’ on-task behaviors before and after the implementation of the interventions.  T, C C   T: Observation Throughout distance learning sessions  Datasheets of frequency and graphs References Mills, G.E. (2018). Action Research. A Guide for the Teacher Researcher. Pearson.
Methodology: My Action Research Project (4 pages maximum) This is a brief, concise section focusing your reader on the essential elements of your AR project. Assume a more professional style and tone
NEEDS ASSESSMENT Needs Assessment Assignment Needs Assessment Assignment Part I To facilitate the research on “increasing on-task behavior in students with autism during the home-learning school period,” two assessment instruments have been selected. First, there is the Functional Assessment Screening Tool (FAST) tool. The FAST tool was selected because it allows the researcher to find out the factors, which have an impact on the incidence of specific problem behavior. Second, there is the Event Recording tool. The Event Recording tool was selected because it allows the researcher to document behaviors in real-time. These two tools were selected over other instruments because of their efficiency in data collection, in addition to how they complement each other. The FAST tool will be utilized as an initial screening tool for the participants of the research and note if they are the right fit for the research objective. The Event Recording tool is handy for the research since it offers data regarding the frequency of occurrence of a given behavior. LeBlanc, Raetz, Sellers, and Carr (2016) assert that this frequency is a specific and significant behavioral dimension. Together, these two tools will give comprehensive results for the analysis of the identified problem behavior. Through the use of these two tools for the research, the anticipated findings are that the researcher will identify several vital aspects that will inform his/her decision on the best way to increase on-tasks behaviors in students with autism while reducing their task refusal behaviors. Overall, the process that resulted in the establishment of the two needs assessment instrument started with the identification of the research objective. The researcher then assessed the need for training for each needs assessment instrument. Finally, the researcher selected the instruments that required minimal training but would offer a way of obtaining valuable data to inform the needs of the study. Reference LeBlanc, L. A., Raetz, P. B., Sellers, T. P., & Carr, J. E. (2016). A proposed model for selecting measurement procedures for the assessment and treatment of problem behavior. Behavior Analysis in Practice, 9(1), 77-83.




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