Informative EssayComparison/Contrast EssayASSIGNMENT: Draft a 3-4 page, APA format, and a minimum of three references (approximately 800-1000 words) comparison/contrast essay in the informative mode. In addition, you must answer the “Think About Your Writing” questions, described below, beneath your essay.A. InstructionsBegin by choosing a topic for your comparison/contrast essay. You are free to select your own topic, or you may use one of the sample topics listed below. However, you should choose a topic that you have knowledge of so that you have sufficient points of comparison or contrast to discuss in your essay. You will need to compare or contrast two or three primary points about the two subjects you choose to write about, resulting in an essay with either four or six body paragraphs, an introductory paragraph, and a conclusion.In order to foster learning and growth, all essays you submit must be newly written specifically for this course.Select one below or you are free to choose your own topicCompare or contrast two cities you’ve visited or that you’ve lived in Compare or contrast two sources of news Compare or contrast two historical figures Compare or contrast two eras in time Compare or contrast two medical topics (for example, traditional medicine and modern medicine or doctors and midwives)Remember that the two subjects you choose should have a meaningful connection so that you can draw comparisons or contrasts between the two.Your thesis should convey the main idea of the essay and clearly articulate what two topics you are comparing/contrasting. Because you are writing in the informative mode for this essay, you should use objective language.Remember that for this essay, you are not trying to persuade or convince the audience that one thing is better or worse than the other; you are instead informing the reader about the similarities or differences between the two subjects in an objective manner.B. Think About Your WritingAfter you’ve drafted your essay, answer the following questions about your writing. Include answers to all of the questions below your essay.1. Did you use the point-by-point or block method to organize your body paragraphs? What made you decide to organize your essay in this way (3-4 sentences)? Consider the ways a comparison/contrast essay can be organized. Which organization did you choose and why?2. In what ways did writing a comparison/contrast essay differ from the Narrative essay you wrote in Touchstone 1? Give specific examples (3-4 sentences). Consider how the structure, point of view, and purpose of the two essays differ.3. Remember that the writing process is a recursive process, and your first draft of an essay is rarely your last. What part of the draft did you struggle with (3-4 sentences)? Think about how you could improve the draft if you continued the writing process with revision and editing.
Informative EssayComparison/Contrast Essay ASSIGNMENT: Draft a 3-4 page, APA format, and a minimum of three references (approximately 800-1000 words) comparison/contrast essay in the informative mode.
1 — Comma Basics Identify correct comma usage in sentences Select the sentence that correctly uses commas. a.) Nate’s personal ad listed his interests as, mountain biking, gourmet cooking and TV crime dramas. b.) Nate’s personal ad, listed his interests as, mountain biking, gourmet cooking, and TV crime dramas. c.) Nate’s personal ad listed his interests as mountain biking, gourmet cooking, and TV crime dramas. d.) Nate’s personal ad listed his interests as mountain biking, gourmet cooking, and TV, crime dramas. Select the sentence that correctly uses commas. a.) On every July 4th since I was a child, we have celebrated with a barbecue, live music, and fireworks. b.) On every July 4th, since I was a child we have celebrated with a barbecue, live music and fireworks. c.) On every July 4th since, I was a child, we have celebrated with a barbecue, live music, and fireworks. d.) On every July 4th since I was a child we have celebrated, with a barbecue, live music, and fireworks. Select the sentence that correctly uses commas. a.) Every time it snows, during the winter, our neighbor, an older woman shovels our walk for us. b.) Every time it snows during the winter, our neighbor, an older woman, shovels our walk for us. c.) Every time, it snows during the winter our neighbor an older woman, shovels our walk for us. d.) Every time it snows during the winter, our neighbor an older woman shovels our walk, for us. 2 — Apostrophes and the Possessive Form Differentiate between correct and incorrect apostrophe use in sentences Which sentence uses apostrophes correctly? a.) I wish I could say my work is done, but I still have to finish editing Marias and Joshs report’s. b.) I wish I could say my work is done, but I still have to finish editing Maria’s and Josh reports. c.) I wish I could say my work is done, but I still have to finish editing Maria’s and Josh’s reports. d.) I wish I could say my work is done, but I still have to finish editing Marias’ and Joshs’ reports. Which sentence contains an apostrophe error? a.) They went over to Marta and Keiko’s apartment for dinner. b.) Half the town looks forward to the Millers’ annual holiday party. c.) The Johnson’s are having a barbeque and everyone on the block is invited. d.) James’s place is pretty shabby, but it’s in a great location. Which sentence is missing an apostrophe? a.) I accidentally wore my sister’s jacket instead of my own. b.) The two cats’ toys were scattered all over the floor. c.) Andreas first daughter was born in 2015. d.) Each student in Mr. Pederson’s class received an A this semester. 3 — Useful Punctuation: Exclamation Points, Semicolons, Colons, and Quotation Marks Identify the correct usage of exclamation points, semicolons, colons, and quotation marks. Choose the sentence that uses a semicolon correctly. a.) One study estimated between 9% and 15% of Twitter accounts; are actually bots since Twitter has an estimated 319 million active users, that means there are nearly 48 million bot accounts. b.) One study estimated between 9% and 15% of Twitter accounts are actually bots since Twitter has an estimated 319 million active users; that means there are nearly 48 million bot accounts. c.) One study estimated between 9% and 15% of Twitter accounts are actually bots; since Twitter has an estimated 319 million active users, that means there are nearly 48 million bot accounts. d.) One study; estimated between 9% and 15% of Twitter accounts are actually bots since Twitter has an estimated 319 million active users, that means there are nearly 48 million bot accounts. Choose the sentence that uses a colon incorrectly. a.) I rechecked my packing list for the camping trip: sleeping bag, a portable cook stove, flashlight, matches, extra socks, and a tent. b.) A book on the required reading last is entitled The World is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century, written by Thomas L. Friedman. c.) Anna went shopping to buy: new furniture for her bedroom, a rug for the kitchen, and some new pots and pans to replace her old ones d.) When Emma goes to the cinema, she prefers salty snacks over sweet snacks: she chooses pretzels, popcorn, chips, or sometimes peanuts. Choose the sentence that uses quotation marks correctly to draw attention to a specific word. a.) Jane was “morose” after learning that the elementary school she had attended had burned to the ground. b.) Dave believes “immigration” is one of the largest issues for the world to contend with this year. c.) Simon didn’t know what the teacher meant when she told him his final exam score was “questionable.” d.) After the burglary was discovered, Laura explained that she wasn’t even “there” when it happened. 4 — Mechanics: Capitalization, Italics, Numbers, Abbreviations Recognize the correct use of capitalization, italics, numbers, and abbreviations in academic writing. Choose the sentence that uses an abbreviation that is acceptable in academic writing. a.) The Senator did all he could to convince his colleagues to prevent a gov’t shutdown. b.) All the specimans in the doctor’s lab were at least two mm in length. c.) I began my long journey to the United States on Dec. 4 of the year 2017. d.) Your essay should be written in an easy-to-read font, e.g. Verdana or Arial. Choose the sentence that has an error in the use of italics. a.) I’ve just finished reading the novel The Goodbye Girl, and I wish I could read it again. b.) Sony Pictures turned my sister’s memoir into a film and changed the title to Higher Ground. c.) My father reads the New York Times every morning as he eats his breakfast. d.) One of my favorite poems is Musee des Beaux Arts by W.H. Auden. Choose the sentence that has no errors in capitalization. a.) Since May 2011, Dr. Baca has taught computer skills to seniors in both English and Spanish. b.) Dr. Baca says that winter, especially following new year’s day, is her busiest season. c.) Not many people can claim, “My Grandma is a computer whiz.” d.) One 70-year-old Professor from Eastern Colorado has decided to take action. 5 — Introduction to Style Understand style and how writers utilize it. A writer’s style is influenced by the __________ the writer chooses. Examples include romantic poetry, young adult fiction, business reports and academic theory. a.) theme b.) mode c.) genre d.) method Writers must be aware of the standards and traditions, or __________, of a given genre, which will influence their writing style. a.) conventions b.) audience c.) tone d.) formality A writer’s style is defined as __________. a.) the tone he or she adopts toward a specific topic b.) his or her use of recognizable writing conventions c.) how, not what, he or she writes d.) the level of formality in his or her writing 6 — Word Choice, Experimentation, and Style Recognize how word choice and variety affect a writer’s style. To avoid redundancy in written work, writers should __________. a.) use a dictionary to select new and more sophisticated words b.) consult a thesaurus to ensure the same word is never used twice c.) repeat key words frequently to keep readers interested d.) use synonyms for specific words when appropriate A writer’s word choices — the complexity and meanings of the words he or she uses in a written work — is a key component of the writer’s __________. a.) success b.) topic c.) attitude d.) style Pick the word that most obviously carries a negative connotation. a.) fragrance b.) odor c.) stink d.) aroma 7 — Sentences and Style Distinguish between active and passive voice. Select the sentence that is written in active voice. a.) It was determined by the executive board that William should be fired. b.) I always love the smell of fresh blooming flowers in the spring. c.) My sister was enthusiastically greeted by the dog. d.) Lunch was being served by the time we arrived at the restaurant. Select the sentence that is written in passive voice. a.) Carla and I are so excited to go ice skating next Saturday. b.) Travel arrangements are being made by Luke, and dessert preparations are underway by me. c.) I remember our moms sneaking off upstairs to giggle about something d.) The train was late for the third time this week, so I was late to work again. Select the sentence that is written in passive voice. a.) Kelly was notorious for losing her car keys on a regular basis. b.) Decisions have been made about my mother’s position at the company. c.) The deer darted across the road, unfazed by the steady stream of traffic. d.) Sometimes Aunt Carol would sneak us milk and cookies after bedtime. 8 — Tone and Personal Style Interpret an author’s tone. Choose the word that best describes the tone of the following sentences. I planted those yellow roses myself nearly 12 years ago, right before Liza was born. Nothing made me happier than looking out the kitchen window and seeing that blanket of yellow. a.) energetic b.) mournful c.) encouraging d.) nostalgic Choose the word that best describes the tone of the sentences. I’ll be calling you. Can’t do email. This screen is too blasted small and my fingers won’t bend the right ways a.) irritated b.) judgmental c.) formal d.) amused Which sentence has a tone that could be described as negative? a.) Local hotels and businesses are putting out their red, white, and blue to welcome Convention-goers. b.) Democratic candidates are expected to butt heads yet again over key issues next week. c.) The city is preparing for the Democratic National Convention next week. d.) We’ll soon find out first-hand why Democrats never get anything done. 1 — Introduction to Informative Writing Understand the characteristics of informative writing. When writing in the informative mode, a writer must __________. a.) make a claim and support it with evidence b.) convince the reader to agree with his or her position c.) use personal experience to reinforce the thesis d.) examine his or her personal biases and assumptions Select the true statement about writing in the informative mode. a.) The informative mode requires the writer to hold a neutral point of view b.) The goal of informative writing is to offer a solution to a problem. c.) Informative writing is uncommon outside of academia. d.) A writer in the informative mode takes a stand on a controversial issue. Choose the FALSE statement about writing in the informative mode. a.) The purpose of informative writing is to inform or explain. b.) Writing in the informative mode requires research and making a claim. c.) Informative writing strives to be as objective as possible. d.) Informative writing is common in both academic and non-academic settings. 2 — Types of Informative Writing Define types of informative writing. If a writer wants to present information on the evolution of the meaning of “adolescence”, he or she would most likely write a(n) __________ essay. a.) analysis b.) definition c.) classification d.) process If a writer wants to present information on the lifecycle of the Pacific salmon, he or she would most likely write a(n) __________ essay. a.) classification b.) analysis c.) cause and effect d.) process If a writer wants to explain the different types of songbirds in China, he or she would most likely write a __________ essay. a.) cause and effect b.) process c.) classification d.) definition 3 — Ethics and Analysis of Informative Writing Recognize ethical responsiblities when writing in the informative mode. Choose the action that would be considered unethical when writing in the informative mode. a.) Catherine found similar statistics in two different sources and chose to include only one of them. b.) Anthony included a movie review as support in his essay and attributed the reviewer. c.) Martha omitted the second half of a quotation from a source because it weakened her argument. d.) Esther paraphrased and cited a lengthy direct quotation from an expert and included it as support in her essay. Choose the action that would be considered unethical when writing in the informative mode. a.) Meg made a copy of the publisher information from a book in case she decided to use it as a source. b.) Bette chose to include a lengthy direct quotation because she wanted to make sure she got the speaker’s words exactly right. c.) Alec wrote an informative article about Russia without identifying himself as a former government worker in Moscow. d.) Jake decided against using statistics in his report because he believed they were unreliable. Choose the action that would be considered unethical when writing in the informative mode. a.) A journalist excluded information from one source because she felt that the source was too biased and thus wasn’t reliable. b.) Casey cited and quoted the president in her essay about the current state of the economy. c.) A biologist published a paper containing data that supported his research but omitted data that did not. d.) Andrew made a copy of a journal article he found so that he could use it as a source in his essay. 4 — Writing Effective Informative Essays Distinguish between analytical and definition essays. Analysis in informative writing refers to the intellectual process of __________. a.) altering the way a complex word or concept is understood or talked about b.) setting parameters around a concept to determine what elements to address c.) drawing conclusions about the meaning of something based on its component parts d.) asking, “What do I want my reader to know?” An analytical essay must do more than describe or summarize a topic; it must also __________. a.) convince the reader to agree with its findings on the topic b.) reach a new conclusion about the topic’s meaning or value c.) redefine a topic or concept with evidence and logic d.) explain the importance of the topic within the academic arena Choose the false statement about writing a definition essay. a.) Writers may choose to explain, define, or change the meaning of a complex word or concept. b.) Writers do not have to discuss every possible interpretation of what they are defining. c.) The definition or re-definition of a word is merely the writer’s opinion. d.) It’s acceptable to limit the context in which a word or concept is addressed in the essay. 5 — Model Informative Essays Analyze a passage to identify the type of informative writing used in it. Read the text below. What kind of informative writing is being utilized, and how do we know? In literature, tone refers to the author s attitude toward the subject. So, with regard to images, tone can also refer to the photographer/artist s/designer s perspective on the issue. In our image above, the tone is a bit hard to interpret. However, the fact that the watch is focused and up close while the background image of a person is blurred gives us a clue: it seems that the designer is portraying that the wearer of the watch is not that important. The watch is what s significant. Perhaps the message is that anyone can wear these watches. Whether or not this is an effective approach to selling the watch is up for debate! Source: “Breaking Down an Image,” Writing Commons, http://writingcommons.org/open-text/information-literacy/visual-literacy/breaking-down-an-image a.) Definition, because it talks about the meaning of the word “tone” b.) Analysis, because it compares reading an image to reading literature c.) Analysis, because it focuses on parts of the image in order to discuss it as a whole d.) Definition, because it redefines the concept of “time” in a new context Read the text below. What kind of informative writing is being utilized, and how do we know?Netiquette, a hybrid word combining network and etiquette, essentially refers to the social code of the Internet.As such, netiquette — how we communicate, treat others, portray ourselves, and protect ourselves online — is a question of ethics. Ethics, or moral philosophy, refers generally to how groups and individuals determine moral courses of action. Because ethics refers to the way groups and individuals relate to, treat, and resolve issues with each other, digital ethics then encompasses how users and participants in online environments interact with each other and the technologies and platforms used to engage. a.) Definition, because it re-examines the concept of “ethics” in the Internet age b.) Analysis, because it discusses different platforms and types of technologies c.) Analysis, because it looks at the different components of the word “netiquette” d.) Definition, because it focuses on how to interact appropriately in cyberspace Read the text below. What kind of informative writing is utilized and how do we know?Of course, there needs to be some reinterpreting of the Aristotelian appeals for the modern communicator. No longer do we as humans construct arguments and share them sporadically in public symposia. Our understanding of rhetoric asserts that most of what we do and say are argumentative in some form, and the ubiquity of technology today means 40. that what we do and say are more public than ever before. Source: “Digital Ethics,” a.) Definition, because the writer is making the case for an updated understanding of Aristotle’s “public symposia.” b.) Definition because the writer is placing a parameter around his definition of the “modern communicator.” c.) Analysis because the writer is arguing that our use of rhetoric is “sporadic” by Aristotelian standards. d.) Analysis because the writer is conveying dissatisfaction with our current understanding of “argument.” 1 — Introduction to Revision Understand the purpose of revision. All of the following are questions a writer might ask herself as she’s revising a piece of writing except ___________. a.) Is my writing style smooth and understandable? b.) Do I have enough credible evidence to support my claims? c.) Do all of my main points support my thesis? d.) Is the essay structured in an effective way for the reader? Revising is a vital step in the writing process because it gives writers __________. a.) a chance to improve their style of writing and the flow of the text b.) an opportunity to correct errors in grammar and punctutaion c.) space and time to re-think the “big picture” of their piece of writing d.) new ideas that can be incorporated into another piece of writing Revision refers to a key step in the writing process that involves: a.) correcting a text’s grammar, mechanics, and spelling b.) generating ideas to focus on the topic of a text c.) improving and honing a text’s clarity and style d.) re-evaluating a text’s ideas, support and organization 2 — Revision Strategies Understand the strategies used during revision “I like to get a little distance between myself and what I’ve drafted before I begin to revise,” the writer said from the podium. “It’s one of my most reliable revision strategies.”A hand rose in the audience, “How do you get a ‘distance’ from your own writing?”“There are several ways,” the writer responded. All of the following revision strategies will help writers be more objective about their own writing except __________. a.) Read the essay aloud or have someone read it to you. b.) Use a thesaurus to avoid word and phrase repetitions. c.) Wait a day or two after drafting to begin the revision process. d.) Read and revise on a hard copy of the essay. Kata offers to help her little sister revise an essay.“Begin by asking questions,” she instructs.“Questions about what?” asked her sister. One strategy for revision is to ask questions about the draft. Choose the question that does NOT reflect a revision strategy. a.) Have I made any spelling or word choice errors? b.) Have I fulfilled the requirements for the assignment? c.) Should I rearrange paragraphs to create a more logical flow? d.) Should I change my thesis? 45.Thomas is thinking about strategies as he begins to revise the draft of an essay for his English class. All of the following are effective revision strategies except __________. a.) Thomas tries to summarize the main ideas of his essay to a friend. b.) Thomas begins revising the moment he finishes drafting. c.) Thomas reads his essay aloud to see if it “flows.” d.) Thomas makes changes and comments directly on a hard copy of his draft. 3 — Organization Revision: Cutting, Adding, Moving Understand how to revise an essay on the organizational level. While revising her essay, Linda first looks at her essay’s organization.When revising for organization, all of the following are important for Linda to consider EXCEPT__________. a.) ideas or main points that don’t seem to fit b.) the logic and coherence of her ideas c.) places where she could insert new ideas d.) the persuasiveness of her main ideas Alan sets his draft aside for a few days before he begins his revision process.Choose the action that indicates Alan is first revising his draft for organization. a.) He decides to rearrange the order of the essay’s body paragraphs. b.) He checks for sentence completeness in each paragraph. c.) He tries to think of a better “hook” for the introduction. d.) He rewrites several topic sentences. Brianna completes the draft of her essay and begins the revision process. First, she considers the “big picture” of her draft and the ways in which she can better organize her ideas.While revising for organization, Brianna might __________. a.) delete a body paragraph b.) check for sentence variety c.) review content for possible bias d.) change her thesis statement 4 — Revising for Clarity and Focus Understand how to revise an essay for focus and clarity. Georgette is revising her essay for content. As she reviews each body paragraph, she considers all of the following except __________. a.) Are all of my sentences complete? b.) Does this paragraph support my thesis? c.) Do all of the sentences in the paragraph support the topic sentence? d.) Is the paragraph’s topic sentence focused and clear? Tim is revising his essay and thinking about the rhetorical situation.Tim should ask himself all of the following questions except __________ a.) Has my draft fulfilled its stated purpose?” b.) Have I acknowledged any unstated beliefs? c.) Has my thesis statement changed or been proven untrue? d.) Have I written in a way that will appeal to my intended audience? After Sandra has re-organized her essay, she continues with the revising process and considers her essay’s content.Choose one action Sandra does to revise for content. a.) She checks that her writing is fulfilling its stated purpose. b.) She ensures that her ideas have a logical flow. c.) She checks that her thesis is supported by the body paragraphs. d.) She reviews her draft for clichés, euphemisms, and slang. 5 — Using Feedback in Revising Understand how to respond to feedback during the revision process. Choose the true statement about a writer’s response to feedback during revision. a.) A writer should get as much feedback as possible from as many sources as possible. b.) A writer is obligated to make changes suggested by a more experienced writer. c.) A writer should argue with feedback he or she disagrees with. d.) A writer is always free to disregard feedback. Feedback during revision can be helpful for a writer in all of the following ways except __________. a.) It can help the writer reconsider the “big picture” of her essay. b.) It can help the writer learn what’s good and what’s bad about his ideas. c.) It can help the writer develop her own ability to be self-critiquing. d.) It can help the writer fine-tune his unique voice and writing style. When responding to feedback during the revision process, writers should __________. a.) ignore comments on their writing style b.) maintain an open mind about reader comments c.) incorporate suggested changes without question d.) correct grammatical and mechanical errors first 6 — Giving and Receiving Feedback Differentiate between constructive and non-constructive feedback on a piece of writing. Which of the following is an example of non-constructive feedback? a.) “I recommend adding some evidence to back up the claim in this paragraph.” b.) “I’m really impressed by this essay; you have a knack for writing.” c.) “I’m confused by this statement— can you add an example?” d.) “This sentence is a bit vague. Maybe you could reword it to make it clearer.” Which of the following is an example of constructive feedback? a.) “I think this paragraph could use a little more detail.” b.) “Your whole essay needs to change. It just isn’t engaging.” c.) “I think you could do more to improve this essay.” d.) “This is a good essay; I think it’s fine the way it is.” Which of the following is an example of constructive feedback? a.) “This paragraph made no sense to me whatsoever.” b.) “The wording of the last two sentences is confusing.” c.) “This essay is just fine as it is; I don’t think it needs any improvement.” d.) “I really think you should start over from scratch.” 1 — Why Edit? Understand the purpose of editing. Choose the true statement about the editing process. a.) A good writer will always complete the steps of revising, editing, and proofreading at the same time. b.) Editing focuses on catching any grammar and mechanics errors that exist in writing. c.) During editing, the writer will reevaluate her essay’s ideas and structure. d.) Editing is more detailed in nature than revising, but more “big picture” than proofreading. Select the statement that best describes the process of editing. a.) Improving the word-level and sentence-level style and sound of a piece of writing b.) Honing the focus, argument, and development of a piece of writing c.) Strengthening the “big picture” ideas and structure of a piece of writing d.) Correcting the technical or mechanical errors in a piece of writing Which aspect of writing would NOT be addressed by editing? a.) reorganizing essay paragraphs b.) considering overall essay style c.) improving sentences d.) examining word choice 2 — Editing for Word Choice Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of editing for word choice Lauren reads a sentence from her essay:”A lot of researchers are unsure about the affect these changes will have on future generations of the wildebeest: will there be fewer animal herds that migrate, or will the migration patterns shift to avoid urbanization? Because she is editing for word choice and meaning, Lauren makes the following change: a.) She changes “herds” to “heards” b.) She changes “affect” to “effect” c.) She replaces “fewer” with “less” d.) She replaces “A lot” with “Alot” Bryan reads a sentence from his essay:“The athletes have so much stuff to do on the weekends of an important 62. game that they often get little sleep.”Because he is editing for clarity in word choice, Brian __________. a.) replaces “important” with “significant” b.) replaces “little” with “not enough” c.) specifies what he means by “stuff” d.) defines what he means by “athletes” Asa reads a sentence from his essay:“Van Gogh often couldn’t afford the paint he needed to create his paintings, so his brother Theo purchased the paint for him.”Because Asa is editing for word choice, he rewrites the sentence to __________. a.) avoid repetition b.) make it shorter c.) make the language more formal d.) clarify his point 3 — Editing Sentences Demonstrate an understanding of editing on the sentence level. Luisa is editing her narrative on the sentence-level. She reads the following paragraph: When I was a child, my parents and I traveled north each summer to spend a month at our cabin on the lake. We loved to be outdoors all day and every day. For example, to hike, boat, swim, and fish. We spent our evenings around a campfire telling scary or silly stories with our neighbors. Each year, I looked forward to that special get-away with my parents, and I cherish all of the memories we made at the cabin. Luisa finds and corrects an error in __________. a.) sentence style b.) sentence completeness c.) relevance of sentence details d.) repetitive sentence structure Doreen is editing her essay on the sentence level. She reads the following paragraph: Blackwell was put on trial for murder. He was accused of murdering four people over a card game. The murderer pleaded innocent, but the murder charges remained in place and he was tried in April of 1846. After he was placed at the scene of the murders, he insisted that the witnesses were mistaken and that he was not the murderer. Doreen realizes she must edit for __________. a.) sentence structure b.) word repetition c.) capitalization and usage errors d.) sentence variety Marcus is editing his personal narrative on the sentence level. He reads the following paragraph. I didn’t start to enjoy reading until I was 12 years old. I started to read chapter books. I read all of the Harry Potter books. I also read the Lord of the Rings trilogy and the Eragon series. I loved the detail and imagery in these fantasy novels. Marcus edits the paragraph for __________. a.) logical sequence of sentences b.) sentence variety c.) spelling and punctuation errors d.) sentence completeness 4 — Strategies for Editing Sentences Identify effective strategies for editing sentences. Grace has finished revising her essay and is now ready to edit. All of the following are effective sentence editing strategies except __________. a.) Grace decides to change her thesis statement to better support her ideas. b.) Grace reads each sentence aloud. c.) Grace reads her essay backwards to focus on individual sentences. d.) Grace asks for feedback about issues with her sentence structures. Noah is beginning to edit his essay. He asks his sister if she will listen to him read his essay aloud. This can be an effective sentence editing strategy because __________. a.) it is easier to find and correct spelling errors when reading content aloud b.) a more experienced writer can offer advice on style and formatting c.) Noah can get a sense of the flow of his ideas and correct any gaps in logic d.) his sister may notice a lack of clarity in his word choices or sentence structures Albert has revised his essay and is now ready to edit. What is one sentence editing strategy Albert can use? a.) He asks a friend to evaluate his essay for problems with sentence structure or clarity. b.) He checks each sentence for typos, misspellings, and other mechanical errors. c.) He reads his essay backwards to ensure that his sentences have a logical flow. d.) He reconsiders the placement of his thesis statement in the essay’s introduction. 5 — Proofreading Understand the proofreading stage of the writing process. Choose the true statement about the proofreading stage of the writing process. a.) Proofreading ensures the reader is not distracted by misspellings or typos. b.) Proofreading allows the writer to consider the effect of his word choices on the reader. c.) Proofreading considers an essay’s “big” ideas as well as the essay’s overall structure and organization. d.) Proofreading should be completed during the drafting stage of the writing process. Choose the true statement about the proofreading stage of the writing process. a.) Proofreading is most reliably performed by software, such as a spelling or grammar checker. b.) Proofreading often requires producing another draft of an essay. c.) Proofreading involves the correction of grammar, formatting, or conventions errors. d.) Proofreading consists of finding and correcting errors in word choice, and sentence structure. Choose the true statement about the proofreading stage of the writing process. a.) Proofreading allows the writer to correct the sentences and overall style of her essay. b.) Proofreading must be performed by the writer herself, or it could be considered plagiarism. c.) Proofreading is concerned with mechanical errors, not errors in ideas or style. d.) Proofreading is the stage when writers evaluate their ideas, evidence, and support. 6 — Apply Proofreading Strategies Use proofreading strategies in samples of written work. Alice is proofreading her essay and makes a correction to this sentence:The state capitol was chosen as the cite for a public appearance that drew not the expected hundreds, but thousands, of the author’s fans.What correction does Alice make? a.) She changes “public” to “Public” b.) She adds a comma after the word “appearance” c.) She changes “was chosen” to “chose” d.) She changes “cite” to “site” Peter is proofreading his essay and makes a correction to this sentence:The victim’s Mother was present at the sentencing, and she told the judge that she had forgiven the man on trial and had left his fate to God. What correction does Peter make? a.) He changes “Mother” to “mother” b.) He changes the position of the apostrophe in “victim’s” c.) He changes “had forgiven” to “forgives” d.) He changes the comma to a semicolon Petra is proofreading her essay and makes a correction to this sentence:During the 2014-2015 flu epidemic in the United States, an estimated 710,000 people was hospitalized, and 148 children died. What correction does Petra make? a.) She changes “was” to “were” b.) She changes “flu” to “Flu” c.) She adds a comma after “epidemic” d.), She changes “died” to “had died”
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