MUST BE IN APA FORMAT VERSION 7Welcome to the Purdue

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General Format
Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which

released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here


Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.

To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart

of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart


You can also watch our APA vidcast series (

list=PL8F43A67F38DE3D5D&feature=edit_ok) on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel


General APA Guidelines

Your essay should be typed and double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), with 1″

margins on all sides. Include a page header (also known as the “running head”) at the top of

every page. For a professional paper, this includes your paper title and the page number. For a

student paper, this only includes the page number. To create a page header/running head,

insert page numbers flush right. Then type “TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” in the header flush left

using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper’s title and cannot

exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation.


The 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual requires that the chosen font be accessible (i.e.,

legible) to all readers and that it be used consistently throughout the paper. It acknowledges that

many font choices are legitimate, and it advises writers to check with their publishers, instructors,

or institutions for guidance in cases of uncertainty.

Page 1 of 6General Format // Purdue Writing Lab


While the APA Manual does not specify a single font or set of fonts for professional writing, it

does recommend a few fonts that are widely available. These include sans serif fonts such as 11-

point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode as well as serif fonts such as 12-

point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, 10-point Computer Modern.

Major Paper Sections

Your essay should include four major sections: the Title PagAPA Formatting version 7
Perdue Owl

*Use First-person pronouns rather than third-person — We conducted an experiment or I conducted. —-NOT The authors conducted……. (but limit use of “I” as much as possible)

*Use active voice when stressing the actions of the research — We asked participants questions
Rather than: The participants have been asked….

*Passive voice when stressing the recipient of object of the action —-The tests were inconclusive
Rather than: We found the text inconclusive

*Clear, Concise and to the point
Essay should be: Typed, double-spaced, have 1” margins, use 10-12 pt standard text (Times New Roman), printed on standard (8.5×11) paper
*Every page should include: page number in upper right hand corner of page

*Four components of the paper: Title page, Abstract, Body,
Title page: page number, Title (in upper half of the page, centered name (no title or degree academic department, course, instructor, date (due date, not date paper is written)
Abstract –page number, “Abstract” centered and bolded at the top of page. Write a 150-250 word summary of your paper in an accurate, and concise manner. (Do not indent on the abstract page) At the end of the abstract list a short list of keywords (italic “keywords” and indent). Keywords will be words you’ve used a lot throughout the paper.
*APA uses a system of five heading levels
Level 1 Centered, Bold, Title Case Heading (text begins a new paragraph)
Level 2 Flush left, bold, title case heading (text begins as new paragraph)
Level 3 Flush left, bold italic, title case heading (text begins as a new paragraph)
Level 4 Indented, bold, title case heading, ending with a period (text begins on same line and continues as a regular paragraph
Level 5 Indented, bold italic, title case heading, ending with a period (text begins on the same line and continues as a regular paragraph) – Basically each paragraph will have header
References: deactivate hyperlinksIM-1


Senior Leader Course

Common Core

Form 1009W, Assessing Writing

IAW TP 350-70-7 Appendix C Assessment Instruments

IAW TP 350-70-7 appendix C Assessment Instruments

IAW TP 350-70-7 appendix C Assessment Instruments





RANGE 0 – 69.9 70 – 89.9 90 – 100


COGNATIVE LEVEL ATTAINED: Higher levels include characteristics of lower levels.

ANALYZING: Breaking material into constituent parts, determining how

the parts relate to each other and to an overall structure or

purpose through differentiating, organizing, and


APPLYING: Carrying out or using a procedure through executing, or

UNDERSTANDING: Constructing meaning from oral, written, and graphic

messages through interpreting, exemplifying, classifying,

summarizing, inferring, comparing, and explaining.

REMEMBERING: Retrieving, recognizing, and recalling relevant knowledge

from long-term memory.

Writing Assignment

Analyze and evaluate the major points of your case study for research to write your persuasive essay.

Use your time to develop a deep understanding of your topic to fully explain your stance on the topic.

You are required to give an in depth introduction of your topic. Provide transitional sentences from one

topic to the next. Then develop the body of the paper fully using no less than 3 full pages and no more

than 5 pages, this does not include the APA format title and references page. Finally, provide a

summative conclusion. Provide a total of two references for your references page. Ensure you use Times

New Roman 12 point font and the current APA Writing Style.

Facilitator’s Comments:

Facilitator’s Signature:

Learner’s Comments:

Learner’s Signature:



Senior Leader Course

Common Core

Form 1009W, Assessing Writing



0-6.9 pts.


7-8.9 pts.


9-10 pts.

Does not adequately convey topic.

Does not describe subtopics to be

reviewed. Does not support thesis


Conveys topic, describes

subtopics to be reviewed.

Generally supports Statement.

Strong introduction of topic clearly

delineates subtopics to be

reviewed. Fully supports thesis


points for introduction



0-27 pts.


28-35 pts.


35-40 pts.

Did not introduce any aspect of the

topic or any instances were so

vague as to imply there was much

more information needed. Made

little attempt to correlate the topic

to the overarching theme. The

body is less than three pages.

Partially introduced some of

aspects of the topic. Developed

and linked the topic to the

overarching theme. The body

meets 3-5 pages requirement.

Solidly introduced all aspects of Analytical Essay Assignment

Analyze and evaluate the major points of your assigned case study for research utilizing the Principles of
Mission Command. Use your time to develop a deep understanding of your topic to fully explain your
analysis. You are required to give an in depth introduction of your topic. Then develop the body of the
paper fully using not less than 3 full pages and no more than 5 pages. Provide transitional sentences
from one topic to the next. Gather at least one additional reference for your bibliography. Ensure you
use Times New Roman 12 point font and the current APA Writing Style. No abstract is required.

Make sure you understand the assignment requirements contained in the 1009W Rubric.

You will complete the essay and upload it in Blackboard by the due date assigned by your SGL.78

39. HHC/4th BSTB, group interview, 4.

40. HHC/4th BSTB, group interview, 9-13

41. Hyman, quoted in E/2-506, group interview, 9.

42. A/1-506, group interview, 43-4.

43. Kudrna, quoted in HHC/4th BSTB, group interview, 24.

44. Captain John Rascher, quoted in I/2-506, group interview, 20.

45. HHC/4th BSTB, group interview, 14-5.

46. Indo-Asian News Service, “Suicide bombers storm police HQ,
kill 12,” Hindustan Times, 27 November 2010, http://www.hindustantimes.
Article1-631653.aspx (accessed 30 December 2011).

47. B/1-506, group interview, 41.

48. W/2-506, group interview, 4-7.

49. Hansen, quoted in E/2-506, group interview, 22.

50. E/2-506, group interview, 21.

51. B/1-506, group interview, 17-8, 31-3.

52. I/2-506, group interview, 17-20.

53. Rascher, quoted in I/2-506, group interview, 19.

54. Womack, interview, 4.


Leading the Charge

A Cavalry Platoon’s Fight in Badghis Province


Matt M. Matthews

Early signs of spring brought little relief to Red Platoon. Led by First
Lieutenant Joseph C. Law, the unit was formally designated 1st Platoon,
Bravo Troop, 7th Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment (1/B/7-10 CAV) of the
US Army’s 1st Brigade Combat Team (1BCT), 4th Infantry Division (4ID).
Throughout the blistering summer of 2010 and the frigid winter of 2010-
11, Red Platoon had relentlessly conducted combat missions in northern
Murghab District, Badghis Province, in northwest Afghanistan. For Law’s

in northern Murghab. On 4 April, the platoon’s Soldiers experienced the


Lieutenant Colonel C. Scott Mitchell’s 7-10 CAV arrived in
Afghanistan in the summer of 2010. Tasked with providing security to two
provinces with only 513 Soldiers, his Alpha, Charlie, Delta, Headquarters
and Headquarters Troops (HHT) occupied positions in Herat Province.
Bravo Troop (christened Bulldog Troop) established positions in Badghis
Province. By occupying the Bala Murghab Valley in the Murghab District,
Bulldog Troop was isolated from the rest of the Squadron, a situation that
created a formidable logistical challenge. “The way that they received
supplies primarily was by CDS (Container Delivery System) drop,” Major

would get two or three CDS drops a week,” he explained, most of which
were dropped by United States Air Force C-17 Globemaster IIIs. Lauer

supplied up there [because] there was no secured, reliable ground route…
up to Bala Murghab at all.” Law also described the situation as “a logistical

Command and Control (C2) also presented challenges for 7-10 CAV. In
Herat Province, units from 7-10 CAV colocated with a Spanish Task Force,
while the Bulldog Troop Headquarters in Badghis Province colocated with
an Italian army regiment located in the town of Bala Murghab on Forward
Operating Base (FOB) Todd. “We fell in on what was a very, very complex

1BCT, 4ID, stationed in Kandahar, they c

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